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Fountain Grass - The Ultimate Care Guide from Proven Winners®

This warm-season ornamental grass is easy to care for and versatile in the landscape, providing late-season texture and color

Contributors: Janet Loughrey

fountain grass

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Ornamental grasses, with their strappy foliage and showy flower plumes, add soft texture and graceful movement to the landscape. Depending on which type you choose, fountain grass (Pennisetum) can be a deciduous warm-season perennial grass or an annual grass with an elegant mounding habit and cascading fountain-like foliage. Feathery bottlebrush flower spikes provide late-season interest, blooming from summer into fall. 

Fountain grass is low maintenance and undemanding, tolerating a wide range of growing conditions. Plants will quickly form a highly developed root system, making them resilient once established. With varieties in a range of colors and sizes, they can be planted in mixed borders, beds, containers, rock gardens, curbside strips and mass plantings.


How to plant: Choose a site with at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sun and well-draining soil. Follow these steps and space plants 1 to 4 feet apart, depending on the variety. 

  1. Loosen the soil in the planting area to improve drainage.
  2. Dig a hole twice as wide and slightly deeper than the root ball.
  3. Remove the grass from its nursery container and tease out roots if potbound.
  4. Set the plant in the hole with the top of the root ball level or slightly higher than the surrounding soil to allow for settling.
  5. Backfill the hole with soil, tamp down slightly to remove air pockets and water well.
  6. Water plants regularly until established. 

Soil: Fountain grass can tolerate a wide range of soils, but prefers amended soil with good drainage. When growing in containers, use a high quality all-purpose potting mix. Make sure containers have adequate drainage holes. 

Watering: Fountain grass performs best with regular watering. Allow the soil to dry out a bit between waterings and water again when the top 2 inches of soil feels dry to the touch. Water more often during heat or dry spells. Plants in containers will need water more often than those in the ground. 

Fertilizing: Pennisetum, like most other ornamental grasses, needs little or no supplemental fertilizer. In spring, mulch around the base of plants with a layer of compost to replenish soil nutrients. 

Find more on caring for ornamental grasses


Fountain grass comes in a range of sizes and colors. Try some of these varieties in your yard:


Annual varieties of fountain grass are grown and enjoyed for a single season, then replanted new each spring. Their vigor and durability often makes one think they must be able to survive the winter, but in fact, they are quite cold sensitive and their roots won't survive a freeze. 

purple fountain grassGraceful Grasses® Purple Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum ‘Rubrum’) is an annual fountain grass with a densely clumped habit, deep bronze-purple foliage and arching flower plumes in shades of tawny rose-red. This fast growing medium-sized variety can be used in containers as an upright thriller element or massed in beds and borders. Unless you live in zone 9 or warmer, plan on replanting this grass every year.

red fountain grassGraceful Grasses® ‘Fireworks’ Variegated Red Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum ‘Rubrum’), which can reach 3 to 4 feet tall, has striking variegated leaves with vertical stripes in colors of green, burgundy, pink and white. Fluffy pink flower plumes fade to pale brown as they mature. Use this annual variety in containers as an upright accent or massed in the landscape. Unless you live in zone 9 or warmer, plan on replanting this grass every year.

pennisteum purpureumGraceful Grasses® Vertigo® Purple Fountain Grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is an annual grass grown for the deep purple-black foliage that holds its color through the growing season. Plants can reach 4 to 8 feet tall. Use this taller variety as a background element in a border, in mass plantings, or as an eye-catching focal point in the landscape. This species of Pennisetum is slightly hardier than Pennisetum setaceum, but only to zone 8.

sky rocketGraceful Grasses® ‘Sky Rocket’ Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum ‘Rubrum’), which is a sport of ‘Fireworks’, is white and green with striped foliage and smoky pink seed heads that fade to cream as they age. Plant this compact variety in containers as a thriller element or in beds and borders alongside bedding plants such as petunias. Unless you live in zone 9 or warmer, plan on replanting this grass every year.


Perennial varieties of fountain grass are far more cold hardy than annual varieties. They survive the winter in zones 5 through 9 and the clump gets a little bigger each year that it returns in your landscape. Though they are slower to mature than the annual types, you can enjoy them for many years without needing to replant. Dividing the clump every few years will keep it healthy, with the bonus of having more to plant around your landscape.  

perennial fountain grassPrairie Winds® ‘Lemon Squeeze’ Fountain Grass (Pennisetum alopecuroides) produces finely textured, chartreuse leaves and long, coppery plumes which last from midsummer through early fall. Its foliage holds its color best in full sun and typically does not scorch in bright sun. Mass this hardy fountain grass along a slope for erosion control or use it in a mixed border to add texture and contrast. Expect it to grow 3-3.5' tall and 4-4.5' wide at maturity. Hardy in zones 5-9.

Pennisetum alopecuroidesPrairie Winds® ‘Desert Plains’ Fountain Grass (Pennisetum alopecuroides) forms a robust, vase-shaped clump that reaches 3-4 feet tall and wide at maturity. This hardy fountain grass has green foliage that develops warm tones of red, orange and gold in fall. In early fall, a fountain of dusky purple bottle brush flowers appear prolifically above the foliage, then age to tan. Mass in the landscape or feature as a showy focal point. Hardy in zones 5-9.


When to plant fountain grass?

Perennial fountain grass can be planted from spring to early summer, in late summer, or as late as early fall. Wait until all danger of frost has passed in spring. If planting in the fall, be sure to plant at least 6 to 8 weeks before your first average frost date so it has ample time to root in before winter. Since annual varieties take some time to start growing in the spring, you may not find them for sale at your local garden center until late spring or early summer. 

When to cut back fountain grass?

Plants can be cut back in fall if you want to tidy up the garden, or in late winter to early spring before new growth emerges if you want to leave them for winter interest. 

How to trim fountain grass?

For perennial fountain grass, gather the foliage together and tie it into a bunch. Using a sharp pair of pruning shears or hedge clippers, cut plants about 4 to 6 inches above the soil. 

Does fountain grass come back every year?

Perennial fountain grass varieties will come back in the following growing season if they are hardy in your zone. Annual types will die each year in colder zones and need to be replanted for the new season.

How big does fountain grass get?

Fountain grass height varies, with dwarf varieties reaching just 1 to 2 feet tall, while the largest varieties can grow to 6 feet tall or more. Be sure to read the label carefully before you buy.

Is fountain grass a sun or shade plant?

Fountain grass is a full sun plant, performing best with at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sun per day. 

Where is the best place to plant fountain grass?

Choose a site with full sun and well-drained soil. 

Is fountain grass invasive?

Fountain grass is listed as an invasive species in Arizona, California, Florida, Hawaii and Nevada. However, our breeders watch carefully for reseeding throughout the breeding process and do not choose to introduce any varieties that are heavy reseeders. We are gardeners too, like you, and wouldn't want that for anyone's garden! 

Is fountain grass a perennial? 

Some species are perennial, while others are annual in all but the warmest regions. 

How fast does fountain grass grow?

Dwarf types are slow growing, reaching 1 to 2 feet tall and wide. Faster-growing types can reach 4 feet tall or more in a single growing season. 

Find more commonly asked questions about ornamental grasses


There are many ways to use fountain grasses in your landscape. Here are some ideas: 

  • Plant a smaller variety along a pathway as attractive edging.
  • Use a small to medium grass as an upright element in a container in combination with other plants with similar growing needs for a “thriller, filler, spiller” effect.
  • Mass annual fountain grass in beds by itself or in combination with bedding annuals such as petunia, marigold, verbena, calibrachoa, creeping zinnia or fan flower.
  • Use a taller variety such as Vertigo as a quick-growing screen along a fence or property line to create privacy.
  • Plant fountain grass in a large urn or other decorative container as a focal point to adorn a sunny apartment balcony, deck, home entryway or rooftop garden.
  • Combine perennial fountain grass with other perennials with late-season interest such as black-eyed Susan, coneflower, goldenrod, Joe pye weed, aster, mums, salvia, sedum, and other warm-season grasses for dazzling fall color.
  • Soften the hardscape of patios, pools, pathways and rock walls with the textural interest of fountain grass.
  • Plant fountain grass in a row as low hedging or screening between garden areas.
  • Mass fountain grass along a slope for a low-maintenance solution for erosion.

Find more ornamental grass landscaping ideas here:
5 Uses for Ornamental Grasses in Your Garden
Ornamental Grasses for Inspired Designs


Combine fountain grass alongside other plants with similar cultural needs of full sun and well-draining soil. 

For mixed borders, plant perennial Pennisetum with: 

For beds, mass annual fountain grass alongside: 

For containers, use a small to medium-sized annual fountain grass as an upright thriller element in combination with: 

Find more fountain grass container recipes

Find more ornamental grass companions

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