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10 Container Gardening Mistakes to Avoid

It’s container gardening season! Whether you’re new to growing plants in pots or want to do a quick check to make sure you’re not making any simple mistakes, you’ll find something useful in this article. Let’s get started.

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Contributors: Susan Martin

Container gardening is a fun way to enjoy your plants up close and liven up your balcony, deck or porch. While it’s pretty simple to learn, there are a few things you’ll want to know before you get started. Let’s take a look at ten common mistakes people make when growing plants in containers so you can be sure to avoid them.

  1. Using containers without a drainage hole. 

One of the most important things to get right when growing plants in containers is making sure water can drain freely out the bottom of the pot. This ensures your plants don’t rot if they get too much water. Most containers come with a drainage hole in the bottom but if yours doesn’t, drill one yourself using a masonry, glass or tile bit.

  1. Using containers that are too small.

Small containers are great for little plants you keep indoors but aren’t as convenient to use outdoors. That’s because they dry out too quickly when the plants are exposed to sunshine and wind outside. It’s better to use larger 12” or larger containers that hold more soil and won’t dry out so fast. This is especially true if you are using hanging baskets in a sunny, exposed location. If possible, transplant the small hanging basket you get from the garden center into a larger 14-16” hanging basket.

  1.  Filling the bottom of large containers with filler material.

You can find all sorts of ideas online for things to fill the bottom of your large containers—we’ve seen suggestions for everything from old shoes to pot shards and rocks. None of it is good for your plants!

Plants need soil to grow. Whether your container is 6 or 16” deep, it should be filled all the way with potting soil. Any filler material in the bottom of the container will inhibit drainage and cause water to pool in the bottom, eventually leading to rotting roots and very heavy pots. Good quality potting soil is lightweight and drains freely, which is exactly what your plants need to thrive.

 
  1. Using garden soil rather than potting soil.

It can be confusing when you are shopping for soil when all the bags look alike. Look for those clearly marked “potting soil” on the front of the bag. The bag should be relatively lightweight compared to top soil. High quality potting soil doesn’t actually contain “soil” at all. Instead, it is a mix of things like peat moss, perlite and bark which provide nutrients, good airflow and drainage for your containerized plants.

  1. Pairing plants with different light and water needs.

Everything you grow in your container is going to receive the same amount of sunlight and moisture, so you’ll want to pair plants that enjoy similar cultural conditions. Start by selecting plants whose sunlight needs match the amount of sun you have to work with. For example, if your patio or balcony faces south and there is no shade for most of the day, make sure you choose all full sun plants. Read the labels carefully to match up plants that enjoy similar amounts of water, too.

 

Lantana and Evolvulus share a love
of strong sunlight, heat and soil that
runs a bit dry, making them perfect
companions in this Blown Away recipe.

  1. Pairing plants with very different growth rates.

This one can be a little tricky, and it’s where experience will be your guide. Not all plants grow at the same rate, regardless of how healthy they are. Some seem to grow an inch a day while others are more restrained. Most annual flowers grow at an average rate, meaning they’ll grow all season without exceeding their allotted space.

 

To make sure one plant won’t overtake the others in your container, choose varieties with similar growth rates. You could do this by pairing different colors of the same kind of plant—for example, planting three different colors of Superbells® calibrachoa in one container. Look for clues to the plant’s growth rate in its description. If it describes a “vigorous” plant that “grows quickly”, you’ll know it needs to be paired with other vigorous varieties that can keep up.

 

Supertunia Vista® Bubblegum® and
Snow Princess® sweet alyssum

make good container companions because
they are both extra-vigorous
growers and enjoy similar amounts of light and water.
View the Glad All Over container recipe.

  1. Watering the plants’ foliage rather than the roots.

Remember when you water your plants to point the hose end right into the container. It’s better not to wet the plants’ flowers and foliage more than you have to since this wastes water and can eventually lead to foliar diseases. The top of the plant doesn’t need to get wet since it’s the roots that will absorb the water.    

 
  1. Over or underwatering your plants.

In the nursery business, we say that “watering is an artform.” By that we mean that it takes a little time to get to know your plants and how often they like to be watered. Factors like pot size, sun exposure and wind all influence how often your containers need to be watered. Larger pots on a sheltered, shaded deck won’t need to be watered nearly as often as hanging baskets swinging in the wind on a sunny porch.

The general rule of thumb to know when it’s time to water most plants is to stick your finger down into the soil up to your first knuckle. If the soil feels dry, it’s time to water again. If you aren’t able to water your plants consistently or just don’t want to be tied to a schedule, consider investing in a WaterWise® drip irrigation system or in self-watering AquaPots® (shown here) that will do all the work for you.

  1. Skipping the fertilizer.

Flowers need to be fed consistently to grow and bloom prolifically. Give them what they need by mixing continuous release plant food into the potting soil when you first plant up your containers. That will feed the roots slowly over time. In addition, to get the most out of your plants, feed them every third time you water with water soluble plant food. This kind of fertilizer can be used by the plants immediately to produce more growth and flowers. If you’ve skipped or skimped on fertilizer in the past, try it for a few months this season. We promise you will see the difference!

  1. Letting your plants grow unchecked.

You learned in #6 that not all plants grow at the same rate. It’s possible that one or two of the plants you’ve chosen for your containers will be quite a bit more robust than its companions. If you let extra vigorous plants grow unchecked, they could overtake the others. It’s perfectly OK to trim out some branches of plants that are growing too big or out of proportion. Just take care not to remove more than about 25% of any one plant at once. This kind of periodic primping will keep your combination container recipes in tip top shape all season long.

 

 

To keep this Nottingham Castle container recipe growing
in the same proportions you see here all season, periodically
trim back the vigorous purple sweet potato vine so it doesn’t
obscure the Superbells® Evening Star calibrachoa.

 

 

Learn more about container gardening:

 


 

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